The Military Cross was instituted as a Decoration on December 28th, 1914, to reward Distinguished Services rendered by Officers of certain ranks in the army in time of war. Bars may be added for additional acts of gallantry. Since August 1st, 1918, it has, like the D.S.O., been awarded for "services in action" only. The Decoration consists of a Cross of Silver, having on each arm the Imperial Crown and bearing in the centre the Royal and Imperial Cypher. The ribbon is white with a purple stripe. Bars are indicated (in undress uniform) by small silver rosettes on the ribbon.
HACK, z/Lt. Walter Pank ... ... ... ... ... 10/Lincoln
Near POELCAPPELLE, 22nd to 24th October, 1917. Seeing two of the enemy about 200 yards from our trenches trying to get away he covered them with a Lewis gun and went out himself and brought both back prisoners.
HADRILL, 2/Lt. Cedric Ivor ... ... ... ... 10/East Yorks
FORET DE NIEPPE, 28th June, 1918. Soon after the commencement of an important attack this officer went well forward and established a signal station, from which he kept up communication between battalion headquarters and the companies, notwithstanding the heavy enemy shell fire, which constantly broke the wires. His personal courage and coolness under trying circumstances were a fine example to his men, and he sent back valuable information from his position in the front line.
HALL, Capt. Alner Wilson ... ... ... ... ... 1/Artists
Awarded 3rd June, 1919.
HALL, 2/Lt. Lionel Everard ... ... ... ... 1/K.R.R.C
Near VERMELLES, 28th September, 1915. For conspicuous gallantry at the quarries. He led his bombers and threw bombs himself against the Germans for nearly three hours until completely exhausted. By his courage and example he eventually worked his way up the trench and cleared it of the enemy.
HALLIDAY, 2/Lt. Clarence Peter ... ... ... ... 2/Yorkshire L.I.
FAYET, 14th April, 1917. He led his platoon with great skill in the face of heavy fire, and placed his machine guns to such advantage that he was able to materially check the enemy counter-attack, thereby rendering valuable assistance at a critical period.
HALLIDAY, Lieut. Howard Edwin ... ... ... ... ... 7/ Worcester
ASIAGO PLATEAU, ITALY, 10/11 October, 1918. For conspicuous courage and determination during a night raid on enemy trenches at SEC. In spite of the darkness and a heavy enemy barrage, he led his men straight to the final objective, where he engaged the enemy with great gallantry. An enemy machine gun opened fire on his party at close range ; he at once, with only a few men, rushed the gun, putting the team out of action, and brought the gun back to his lines.
HALLOWES, 2/Lt. Rupert Price ... ... ... ... 4/Middlesex
HOOGE, 19th July, 1915. For conspicuous gallantry on the night of igth July, when owing to shortage of bombs the enemy was advancing down the communication trench. He got out of his trench, exposing himself fearlessly, and fired at the enemy in the open, hitting several. He also assisted in making a block, dug out a communication trench under heavy shell fire, and rebuilt a parapet that had been blown in. Throughout the night he assisted in keeping touch and supplying bombs.
HAMILTON, Capt. Herbert James ... ... ... ,.. 1/D.C.L.I. (R.A.F.)
Over COMINES, i2th October, 1917, to 26th March, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He has on many occasions displayed the utmost dash and fearlessness in engaging enemy aircraft at close range, and has succeeded in destroying a considerable number. He also attacked with machine-gun fire, and from low altitudes, enemy formations on the ground, and dropped bombs on points of importance behind the hostile lines. He has invariably shown great determination and a fine offensive spirit.
HANCOCK, Capt. Ernest ... ... ... ... ... ... R.G.A.
BEUVRY, 18th April, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. The section in which this officer was in command was being heavily shelled, during the course of which a 15-in. shell destroyed the drainage system in the vicinity and flooded one gun position, while in the other the gun platform was smashed by a shell. He managed to get them bcth into action again and kept them firing. He was several times knocked over by shell explosions.
HARDING, 2/Lt. Geoffrey Philip ... ... ... ... 6/Northampton
CHERISY, 3rd May, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty, in outflanking and bombing an enemy machine gun, putting it out of action. His courage and determination were a splendid example to his men.
HARDMAN, 2/Lt. William Frederick Kerr ... ... ... ... R.E.
MESSINES, 7th June, 1917. He showed complete disregard of danger in assisting to search deep dug-outs and cellars of a village for traps and mine charges. His coolness under constant heavy shell fire kept up the spirits of his men and set a fine example of courage. He extricated two men who had been buried by a shell although exposed to fire himself. His work was most efficient.
HARPER, Lieut. Edward Russell ... ... ... ... ... R.A.S.C.
GIBERCOURT, 21st March, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He brought up the battery transport and got away two guns under intense machine-gun fire, afterwards returning with a corporal, started up and got safely away with the two remaining F.W.D.'s in spite of machine-gun fire which riddled the lorries.
HARRISON, Capt. Frank ... ... ... ... g/Royal Munster Fusiliers
Awarded 3rd June, 1917.
HARRISON, 2/Lt. John George ... ... ... ... ••• 3/Lincoln
N. of POELCAPPELLE, 4th October, 1917. He took command of his company in an attack when he was the only officer left. He reorganised his men, sited his posts with great judg- ment, and sent in a very clear and useful report on the situation. He was largely responsible for repulsing an enemy counter-attack. He showed great courage and initiative, and his contempt of danger had a great effect on his men.
HARRISON, 2/Lt. Edward Harrison ... ... ... ... R.E.
E. of NIEUPORT, 10th July, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when in charge of the maintenance of canal bridges. By his untiring energy and disregard of personal safety he succeeded in repairing these bridges, although they were frequently cut by hostile fire, thereby maintaining communication under very trying and critical conditions.
HART, 2/Lt. Joseph Aubrey .. ... ... ... 2/East Surrey
Awarded 1st January, 1918.
HARVEY, Capt. Albert, D.S.O. ... ... ... ... 6/Liverpool
DON, 15/16 October, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry on the night of 15/16 October, when in face of considerable difficulties and hostile fire, he got his company over the HAUTE DEULE CANAL. For this purpose he made a rough raft himself, was the first man across, and established a bridgehead at this point, thus enabling the brigade to cross and clear the enemy out of DON, a strong position. Throughout the advance, he commanded his company with skill.
HARVEY, 2/Lt. Eric Howard ... 5/Gloucester
1. N. of OVILLERS, 27th August, 1916. For conspicuous gallantry during operations. After a senior officer had been wounded he led a bombing attack against a trench held by 40 of the enemy. He drove them out and consolidated the captured trench.
BAR TO M.C.
2. DOULIEU, 12th September, 1918. He led his company with gallantry and ability in an attack, and drove the enemy, with many casualties, from the position where he was holding up our advance. At one time his men were practically surrounded and under heavy fire, through which he rushed without hesitation to warn an advancing battalion of the position of his company. He averted what might have been a most unfortunate accident by his promptitude and disregard of danger.
HASSLACHER, 2/Lt. Alfred John Emil ... ... 7 /London (169th T.M.B.)
Near CROISILLES, 27th August, 1918. He brought his section of mortars into action behind the first wave of infantry, and successfully engaged several machine guns of the enemy which were causing casualties. He was severely wounded, but continued to direct and control his teams until all the ammunition had been expended. His courage and endurance were a splendid example to his men.
HAWKSWORTH, 2/Lt. Henry Charles Harold ... ... ... l0/Essex
YPRES, 31st July, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. When the two assaulting battalions of an attack were short of ammunition and it was of the utmost importance that a fresh supply should reach them as soon as possible, he led an ammunition party forward about two-and-a-half miles over the most difficult country, exposed the whole time to the heaviest shell fire and without a guide. One third of his party were knocked out, but he safely delivered the ammunition, and hearing on his return journey that a hostile counter-attack was probable, he turned his party about and again reported to the battalion headquarters in case his aid should be required. His determination and devotion to duty set a splendid example to his party.
HAYNES, Lieut. Charles Graham ... ... ... ... ... 4/K.R.R.C.
1. SCHWABEN REDOUBT, 21st October, 1916. For conspicuous gallantry in action. He led bombing attacks with great courage and determination, and finally, after bombing for one and a half hours, was able to capture two officers and fifty men.
BAR TO M.C.
2. S.E. of YPRES, 20th September, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He successfully led attacks on three strong points, and, later, aided by one man, he captured a dug-out and took two officers and four other ranks prisoners.
HEDGES, Lieut. Norman Hammett ... ... ... ... 5/York & Lancaster
GOMMECOURT, 27th March, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty while commanding a company. He repulsed a severe enemy counter-attack. Next day, under heavy machine-gun fire, he captured his objective, and though wounded maintained his position for four days. He set a fine example of courage and leadership.
HEMPHILL, Capt. Howard Hislop ... ... ... ... ... 2/Leicester
YPRES, 1st October, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He led his company with great coolness through an intense barrage to counter-attack the enemy ; he reorganised after heavy losses, and held on to a portion of the front line for thirty-six hours.
HENDERSON, Capt. Ernest James ... ... ... ... 2/East Lancashire
E. of YPRES, 31st July, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in leading his company throughout important operations under most difficult circumstances:. Although exposed to heavy hostile fire on the right flank, he successfully consolidated his objective, and by this means ensured the safety of the right flank of his division. Later in the day, he successfully repelled two counter-attacks, setting a personal example throughout that greatly inspired and encouraged his men.
HENDERSON, Capt. Kenneth Robert ... ... ... 2(6) Yorkshire
ARCHANGEL. He has carried out the duties of company commander and adjutant of mixed force at BOLSHE-OZERKI, and has worked in a very efficient way. He has had continuous service on this front since November, 1918, and in the four engagements which his company has taken part he has proved to be a fearless and good leader of men.
HENEY, 2/Lt. John Henry Waldo ... ... ... ... 1/Coldstream Guards
Near VILLERS POL, 4th November, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He took charge of two sections at the commencement of the attack and cleared the whole right flank of some half dozen machine guns which were enfilading it. He killed several himself, and with his handful of men collected over a hundred prisoners. After the attack he and a few others beat off a counter-attack on the right flank.
HEWITT, 2/Lt. Arthur Edgar ... ... ... ... 22/London (T.M.B.)
YPRES, l0th June, 1917. On several occasions he has rendered most invaluable assistance to the attacking infantry, personally reconnoitring forward positions and establishing his guns where they could co-operate with the greatest effect. His pluck and energy under fire have always been most marked.
HIBBARD, 2/Lt. Hamilton Edgar, D.C.M, ... ... ... 9/London (1/Artists)
RUMILLY, 8th October, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and initiative. During the advance he came suddenly on a strong point in which were eight enemy machine guns. By prompt action and fearless leadership he rushed the post, overcoming the garrison and taking the crews prisoners.
Hi BBERT, Capt. John Geoffrey ... ... ... ... ... A.O.D.
Awarded 1st January, 1917.
HICKSON, Capt. Reginald Davies ... ... ... ... ... 9/Essex
ARRAS, 23rd Mirch, 1917. With great coolness and a total disregard for danger he went forward under very heavy fire, and personally superintended the withdrawal of his advanced parties at a most critical time.
HIDE, Lieut. James Burchell ... ... ... 305th Siege Battery, R.G.A.
Awarded 3rd June, 1919.
HIGGINSON, Capt. John Victor ... ... ... 2/Royal Welch Fusiliers
GIVENCHY, 5/6 July, 1916. For conspicuous gallantry during a raid. Owing to his brilliant organisation and fine leading of his company the raid was a complete success.
HIGLETT, Lieut. George Willibert ... ... Bucks Bn./Oxford & Bucks L.I.
ASIAGO PLATKAD, 16th June, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty while commanding a company in the second line during an enemy attack. Throughout the fighting he maintained excellent liaison with the forward battalion, sending back valuable information. When the front line was broken he held up the enemy with Lewis gun fire, and by constant patrolling kept touch with the division on his right, closing up a very wide gap in the second line. He showed great fearlessness, and by reinforcing his threatened flank undoubtedly prevented the enemy's further advance.
HILL, 2/Lt. Arthur Dudley ... ... ... ... 1/Middlesex
Awarded 1st January, 1916.
HILL, 2/Lt. Charles Vincent ... ... ... Oxford & Bucks L.I.
Near ST. JULIEN, 22nd August, 1917. He led his platoon with the utmost gallantry on a concrete machine-gun emplacement, which he captured, killing three of the enemy. Being wounded, he directed the fire of his platoon from the top of the gun emplacement on to another enemy machine gun, which he captured. His cheerfulness and courage under heavy fire had a splendid effect on his men.
HILL, 2/Lt. Joseph Shirley ... ... ... ... ... R.F.A.
Near MONCHY-LE-PREUX, 17th June, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty under very heavy shell fire. A shell burst at the mouth of his telephone pit, killing a major and wounding him and another officer. He extricated himself, and although wounded in five places, succeeded in digging the officer out. He then carried him on a stretcher, with the aid of a bombardier, to the dressing station, through a very heavily shelled area, before having his own wounds dressed.
HILLYER, Lieut. William Harold ... 3rd London Field Coy. (17151 Mining Coy.) R.E.
HILL 60, near YPRES, between 2nd and 17th April, 1915. In mining operations the task of completing and charging one of our mines was one of great difficulty and strain. Lieut. Hillyer worked and watched long hours at the end of a gallery i65ft. long and 3ft. by aft. 3in. in size, knowing that the enemy was counter-mining close by. His pluck and endurance were remarkable and resulted in the successful explosion of the mine and consequent capture of the hill.
HINDMARSH, 2/Lt. Clifford ... ... ... 7/Loyal North Lancashire
S.W. of BERMERAIN, 23rd October, 1918. He led forward his platoon with the greatest gallantry. He attacked in turn a succession of hostile machine-gun nests, and by his initiative, coolness and determination succeeded in establishing the left front of the battalion on its final objective and taking some fifty prisoners, including two officers.
HINGLEY, Capt. Alfred Norman ... ... ... ... 13/Middlesex
CARENCY SECTOR, 1st to 11th April, 1917. For over 10 days this officer showed most conspicuous bravery and was a splendid example to all, carrying out his duties under very- heavy bombardment. Though wounded he carried on until his battalion was relieved five days later.
HOAL, 2/Lt. Edward Garner ... ... ... ... 8/ Manchester
ABRAHAM HEIGHTS, 6th to 11th October, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when in command of his company after the company commander had been wounded. He acted as guide to another company which had to take up a new position under heavy shell fire.
HOBBS, Capt. Wilfred ... ... ... ... ... 2/Bedford
Awarded 3rd June, 1918.
HOBSON, Lieut. Robert Carl ... ... 12/Northumberland Fusiliers
1. WYTSCHAETE, i6th April, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. Throughout a week's fighting this officer's energy and enthusiasm remained undiminished. At the end of that period, when acting as liaison officer, he voluntarily remained in the forward area until late in the evening, keeping brigade headquarters fully supplied with first-hand information.
BAR TO M.C.
2. Awarded 3rd June, 1918.
HOCKEY, 2/Lt. Alfred Lennon ... ... ... ... 21/London
JERUSALEM, 9th December, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. On a heavy enfilade fire being opened from a house on the flank, he, with great dash and initiative, attacked and drove out a much superior force of the enemy, and held the position under a heavy cross fire from machine guns, displaying the most courageous determination and energy.
HODGKINS, 2/Lt. Albert Edward ... ... ... ... ... R.F.A
Near WESTHOEK, l0th August, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when Forward Observing Officer. He remained with the most advanced infantry practically all day during an attack, and, although his wire was constantly cut, he personally renewed it under heavy fire, and got most valuable information through of impending counter-attacks. The night before he had succeeded, under great difficulties, in establishing visual communication by lamp from battalion to group headquarters. His courage and ability were most marked.
HoGARTH-SwANN, 2/Lt. Arthur Lionel ... ... ... ... 7/Norfolk
E. of GONNELIEU, 20th November, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in an attack. When his company commander was killed early in the advance he took command, and, though wounded, led the company to the capture of the objective. He showed courage and leadership of a high order.
HOLDAWAY, Lieut. Neville Aldridge ... ... ... ... 8/Manchester
ABLAINZEVILLE, 27th March, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. When this officer observed that the officer in charge of an important advanced post had become a casualty, he immediately went up through a heavy barrage and took command. He organised and controlled the fire of the garrison with such effect that the enemy began to waver, so he promptly advanced, inflicting severe casualties; but, finding them too numerous, he withdrew, after ascertaining their dispositions. His courage and coolness throughout the whole operations were very marked.
HOLDSWORTH, 2/Lt. Harry ... ... ... ... 4/East Lancashire
Near BRIASTRE, 19/20 October, 1918. He led his platoon on the night with great gallantry in face of heavy fire against a strong enemy position. On the final objective he located an enemy machine-gun post on the front of the battalion that was enfilading our line. He led a party of six men against the post, and by his determined assault captured one officer and four other ranks of the enemy, together with three machine guns. He did fine work.
HOLGATE, 2/Lt. Leonard George ... ... ... ... 10/ Lancashire Fusiliers
MARTINPUICH, 25th August, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry during an attack. He led his platoon with the greatest determination, and drove the enemy back, and it was due to his courage and leadership that the objective was gained. He was seriously wounded, but refused to be moved to the rear until three more seriously wounded men were first taken to the aid post.
HOLLAND, 2/Lt. Arthur Leslie ... ... ... ... ... 1/Artists
S. of MARCOING, 30/31 December, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He took command of a company when his company commander became a casualty and snccessfully led it to a new position which he consolidated. He brought in several wounded men from the front of the lines under heavy fire, and set a splendid example of coolness and courage to his men.
HOPLEY, Lieut. William Arnold ... ... ... ... 3/Royal Warwick
MESSIXES, l0th to 19th April, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. During ten days' operations, when in command of two light trench mortars, he was frequently under the heaviest fire of all descriptions. On all occasions he set a fine example of courage and devotion to duty to his men, and his dispositions were marked by skill and ability. On one occasion, when both his mortars were buried and his detachment had been reduced to a quarter of their effective strength, he nevertheless managed to bring the mortars into action again and inflicted severe casualties on the enemy.
HOPWOOD, 2/Lt. John ... ... ... ... ... ... R.F.A.
KEMMEL, 2Oth July, 1916. For conspicuous gallantry. When his battery was heavily bombarded and a direct hit ignited an ammunition store, he at once went in and got the tire under at great personal risk before anyone else arrived on the scene. Some of the ammunition exploded, and the position was being shelled while he was working.
HORLEY, Lieut. Cyril Rupert ... ... ... 2/Oxford & Bucks L.I.
Awarded 3rd June, 1919.
HORN E, Capt. Owen Walters ... ... ... ... ... 2/Essex
FAMPOUX, 9th April, 1917 When commanding the right company it was largely due to his leading that direction was kept over a three mile advance. When held up at the fourth objective by uncut wire he went to the front and personally supervised the cutting in front of a strongly held trench.
HORSLEY, Capt. Oswald ... ... ... 2/Gordon Highlanders (R.F.C.)
1. ANGLE WOOD, 18th August, 1916. He led the first line of the advance, capturing and consolidating his objective. Though wounded and put into a shell-hole he continued to direct operations and refused to be moved back till the position was safe.
BAR TO M.C.
2. In FRANCE, March, 1918. He has brought down completely out of control three hostile machines, and of two others which he engaged one he fought to within a distance of 2ooft. from the ground, forcing it to land, the second spinning down to the ground out of control, he being unable to observe it crash owing to the presence of other hostile machines. He has carried out accurate and valuable reconnaissances, and has set a magnificent example of determined gallantry and skill whilst leading low-flying and bombing patrols.
HOSKING, 2/Lt. James Cecil ... ... ... ... 10/D.C.L.I.
MOEUVRES, 3Oth November, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when employed in carrying ammunition to the front line. During three days' operations he went backwards and forwards, without rest, through heavy barrages, and enabled the line to be maintained. He assisted on one occasion in repelling an enemy attack, and set a splendid example of energy and resource to his men under difficult conditions.
HOWARD, Major Hugh Lloyd ... ... ... 3rd Corps Signal Coy., R.E.
Awarded 3rd June, 1917.
HOWCROFT, 2/Lt. Stewart Martin ... ... ... 1/Royal West Surrey
Near VELDHUEK, 25th September, 1917. When the company commanders of two companies who had made a counter-attack were wounded, he took command, and showed great ability and coolness in controlling the situation for two days under continuous fire.
HOWE, 2/Lt. Vernon Arthur ... ... ... ... ... 3/Norfolk
S.E. of FORET DE NIEPPE, l0/11 May, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when in command of a platoon carrying out a raid on an enemy post. He bombed an enemy trench, sent a Lewis gun round to enfilade it, and then, seeing that it was being successfully dealt with, he pushed on with only two men, and searched the houses which were his firial objective.
HUDSON, 2/Lt. Edward Palmer ... ... ... ... ... R.F.A.
BAILLEUL, 28th March, 1918. When the battery was heavily shelled in a forward position he set a splendid example of coolness and courage to his men. Later in the day, he took command of the battery in a most difficult situation and conducted a withdrawal under heavy fire. It was largely owing to his determined efforts that the operation was successfully carried out.
HUGHESDON, Capt. Reginald Howard ... ... ... ... i/D.C.L.I.
E. of YPRES, 4th October, 1917. Though wounded early in the assault he continued to lead his men until the objective was gained.
HUGHES, Capt. Hugh Llewellyn Glyn, D.S. O. ... ... ... R.A.M.C.
Near FREMICOURT, 21st to 23rd March, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He worked day and night in the open, in spite of the heaviest shell and machine-gun fire, tending the wounded and helping them back to safety, with a spirit of cheerfulness and self-sacrifice rarely seen. After being wounded he still continued to perform his duties, until the wound necessitated his evacuation.
HUNT, Capt. Archibald Henry ... ... ... ... ... 20/London
N.E. of SOLESMES, 20th October, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry in the operation. Though his right flank was exposed, he led his company on to its objective through a heavy enemy barrage and captured a field gun. He then consolidated the position gained and held on to it for three days under trying conditions.
HURNDALL, Lieut. Charles Frederic ... ... ... ... R.F.A.
Awarded 3rd June, 1918.
HYAMS, 2/Lt, Henry David ... ... ... ... .. 23/London
Awarded 1st January, 1918.