The Military Cross was instituted as a Decoration on December 28th, 1914, to reward Distinguished Services rendered by Officers of certain ranks in the army in time of war. Bars may be added for additional acts of gallantry. Since August 1st, 1918, it has, like the D.S.O., been awarded for "services in action" only. The Decoration consists of a Cross of Silver, having on each arm the Imperial Crown and bearing in the centre the Royal and Imperial Cypher. The ribbon is white with a purple stripe. Bars are indicated (in undress uniform) by small silver rosettes on the ribbon.
TAMBLYN, Capt. Horace William ... ... ... 181st Tunnelling Co. R.E.
Awarded 3rd June, 1919.
TAPPER, Capt. Michael John ... ... ... 1/Artists (Tank Corps)
This officer has acted as Staff Captain to the brigade since its formation on 1st February, 1917. Throughout the ARRAS battle, the operations in the YPRES SALIENT from 31st July to 20th October, and the CAMBRAI battle, he has shown the utmost untiring energy and capacity for organisation. The task of providing supplies, etc., has often been one of very great difficulty, but on no occasion has there been any failure in the arrangements he has made.
TAPLIN, Capt. George Aubrey ... ... ... 65th Siege Battalion (R.G. A.)
Awarded 3rd June, 1919.
TAPPLY, Capt. Mark ... ... ... ... ... ... l0/Norfolk
Near ALBERT, 26/27 March, 1918. During the enemy attack he rushed forward, and by his coolness and courage inspired such confidence in his men whose officers were casualties that a new line was established. On the following day, when the enemy were about to attack a detached post, he collected reinforcements and led them to the post, which he found to be surrounded by the enemy. Cutting his way through the enemy he succeeded in establishing a fresh position from which the enemy could be checked. His courage, skill and initiative were most conspicuous.
TARRANT, 2/Lt. Henry Geoffrey Nelson ... ... ... 6/Royal Berks
Near MIRAUMONT TRENCH, 17th February, 1917. He pushed home the attack with such determination that, in spite of weak numbers, he succeeded in capturing 70 prisoners. He finally got in touch with the unit on his left, and consolidated the position he had gained.
TAUTZ, 2/Lt. Reginald Hugh ... ... lO/Manchester (Loyal N. Lancs)
Near NIELTZE, 19/20 May, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when in command of a raiding party. Finding the gap, previously cut, had been repaired, he cut his way through under fire and cleared 70 yards of enemy trench, displaying the greatest determination and courage.
TAYLOR, Capt. Bruce Mitchell ... ... ... ... ... 1/D.C.L.I.
1. Awarded i4th January, 1916.
BAR to M.C.
2. GIVENCHY SECTOR, 6/7 February, 1917. During a raid on the enemy's trenches he directed the operations with marked skill, and set a splendid example to all ranks.
TAYLOR, Lieut. Ernest Reginald ... ... ... ... ... 7/Essex
Near HOLLEBEKE, 26th July, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when battalion signalling officer. When his headquarters were heavily shelled and set on fire he remained behind at great personal risk to collect his instruments and disconnect the telephone, although he well knew that the ammunition stored there might explode at any moment. The dug-out blew up very shortly afterwards, and he then went to another station under very heavy shell fire and sent back valuable information to the brigade.
TAYLOR, 2/Lt. George Arthur ... ... ... ... ... 4/Lancaster
Near YPRES, 20th September, 1917. He led his company with the greatest gallantry and resource, personally initiating and carrying out a successful assault upon an enemy strong point. He reached his objective and carried out consolidation in spite of heavy fire. He was a constant example of courage and determination to his company.
TAYLOR, Lieut. Leslie Francis ... ... ... ... ... 1/K.R.R.C.
VILLERS-BRETONNEUX, 26th April, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He brought a machine gun and team into a position which enfiladed the enemy's attack, and, driving them back, caused their capture by another party. His section then remained in position on a railway embankment, preventing any penetration by the enemy.
TERRY, Capt. Sidney Frederick ... ... ... ... ... 1/Wilts
Awarded 3rd June, 1918.
THOMAS, 2/Lt. Lewis John ... ... ... ... ... 4(15)Welch
MOUVAL, 1st September, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and initiative in an assault. He led his company with the greatest dash, and accounted for nine machine guns and their teams. Single-handed, when on one occasion separated from his company, he effected the capture of 15 of the enemy, whom he forced to surrender while he covered the entrance of the dug-out. He showed splendid courage and determination.
THOMAS, Lieut. Robert William ... ... ... ... ... 7/London
Near BOURLON WOOD, 2/3 December, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty during a night attack. All the other officers of the company were wounded, and owing to darkness and heavy hostile fire entrenching became a matter of great difficulty. He displayed great skill and coolness in establishing communication with the troops on either flank and getting his men well dug in before daylight.
THOMAS, 2/Lt. Thomas ... ... ... ... ... ... R.G.A.
ASIAGO PLATEAD, 15th June, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He took two linesmen over two miles along heavily-shelled roads and re-established communica- tion after the telephone lines had been cut. Throughout the day he showed complete disregard of danger.
THOMPSON, Capt. Arnold John ... ... ... Adjutant 1/Scots Guards
Awarded 3rd June, 1917.
THOMPSON, Capt. Claude Ernest ... ... ... ... 2/South Lancashire
1. Awarded 3rd June, 1916.
BAR TO M.C.
2. WIELTZE, 31st July, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. Having gone forward to clear up the situation he found it was critical owing to the enemy envelopment of our left flank. He promptly organised a defensive flank, which held out long enough to save a arge portion of the brigade from being cut off. It was due to his ability and promptness that a disaster was averted, and his good staff work contributed very largely to the success of the whole operation.
THOMPSON, Capt. George Kenneth ... ... ... 5/East Lancashire (9/Yorks)
1. RUE DU Bois, on night of 31st December, 1915, and 1st January, 1916. :For conspicuous gallantry and ability. Although hampered by searchlights and Verey lights, he led, with great dash and determination, a successful attack on the enemy trenches.
BAR TO M.C.
2. CONTALMAISON, 10th July, 1916. For conspicuous gallantry in action. He led the first line in the attack with great dash, and though wounded stuck to his duty and continued to do fine work until midnight, when he was ordered back with a message. He was then sent to hospital.
THOMSON, Lieut. George Gordon ... ... ... ... 3/Gloucester
Near MORLANCOURT, 8th August, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty during an attack. As battalion signalling officer he kept up communication with companies, on one occasion repairing the wire under intense shell fire. When the adjutant became a casualty he assumed his duties, and it was largely due to his energy and fine example that the troops were quickly reorganised and the line firmly established.
THORNE, Lieut. Alfred John Parker ... ... West Lancashire Div. Eng. (R.E.)
1. Near YPRES, 20th September, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in constantly going backwards and forwards under heavy shell and snipers' fire to ensure the consolidation of two points. It was largely due to his fine example and contempt for danger that the work was so rapidly and successfully completed. He has shown a fine example of coolness and courage on many occasions.
BAR TO M.C.
2. Near MESPLAUX FARM, 9th April, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when detailed to reconnoitre a bridge which had been unsatisfactorily demolished. Despite an enemy machine gun directed on the bridge he made his reconnaissance, returning for explosives, and then assisted in placing and firing the charges. His coolness was largely responsible for the satisfactory demolition of this bridge, which the enemy were known to be within 30 yards of.
THORNE, Capt. Philip Howard ... ... ... ... ~. R.E.
Awarded 1st January, 1918.
TIDDY, 2/Lt. Eric William Lacey ... ... ... ... ... /Gloucester
KNOLL, 24/25 April, 1917. The two companies on his left overshot their objective, and were cut off. He displayed great bravery and judgment in moving his company to such a position as to be able to finally hand over a continuous line. He set a fine example throughout.
TIDY, Capt. Warwick Edward ... ... ... ... 9/Manchester
Awarded 1st January, 1917.
TILLEY, Capt. John Ernest ... ... ... ... 12/Hampshire
HAMEL, 28th March, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty, both in command of his company and also temporarily in command of the battalion, when he led a successful counter-attack after a day and night of intense bombardment, during which the battalion suffered heavy losses. He set a fine example to officers and men by his courage and initiative.
TOMLING, Flying-Officer George Gibson ... „. ... ... R.A.F.
Awarded i2th February, 1919.
TOTTON, Capt. Arthur Knyvett ... ... ... ... ... 1/D.C.L.I.
GUILLEMONT, 3rd September, 1916. Though wounded early in the day he led on to the first objective, where he bombed the enemy dug-outs, and was again hit by a bomb. He then went on to the second objective, being wounded a third time on the way.
TOWER, 2/Lt. Herbert George Eric ... ... ... ... ... 3/Norfolk
AVION, 23/24 April, 1917. He carried out a dangerous reconnaissance in order to report on the enemy's wire, and later attacked with his company, and although severely wounded he continued to direct and encourage all ranks with him.
TREACHER, 2/Lt. Henry ... ... ... ... ... 9/Royal Surrey
1. Awarded 1st January, 1917.
BAR TO M.C.
2. MARBAUT, 20th July, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and initiative. He went with his runner to the flank of the company that was being enfiladed by machine-gun fire, and, working forward under heavy fire, killed the gunner with a bomb and captured the gun. His skill and dash were worthy of great praise and saved many casualties.
TRELOAR, Capt. George Devine, D.S.O. ... ... ... Coldstream Guards
FONTAINE NOTRE DAME, 27th November, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He led his company in an attack with great skill and daring to the furthest objective under intense fire, consolidated his position, and repulsed three counter-attacks. When the enemv got round his flank, which had become exposed, he carried out a masterly withdrawal, inflicting heavy casualties on the advancing enemy. He established a defensive position, and collected troops of all units to join in the defence. He showed magnificent energy, leadership and courage.
TRERY, Lieut. Norman Horace ... ... 504th (Wessex) Field Coy., R.E.
RIVER ESCAUT, near ESPAIN. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty on the night of 26/27 October, 1918, whilst charged with making and launching rafts across the river. The work throughout was subjected to heavy fire, and his party was driven off it several times. At length he called for volunteers and succeeded in launching the raft, crossing to the enemy bank and making fast the tow rope.
TRIMM, 2/Lt. Charles Algernon ... ... ... ... ... R.F.A.
POTYZE, 19th August, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when the battery position was being heavily shelled. The camouflage of two guns caught fire, and this officer at once ran out and, filling buckets from adjacent shell-holes, succeeded in extinguishing the fire, although the sandbags around the guns had caught alight. After he had got under cover he saw that an ammunition dump had been hit and was alight, and he, accompanied by a gunner, again went out to extinguish the fire.
TROHEAR, 2/Lt. Thomas ... ... ... ... ... 3/Notts & Derby
Near RIBECOURT, 20th November, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He crossed difficult country six times under heavy fire to keep touch with the company on his left. On arrival at the objective he led the way down an enemy dug-out and captured two officers and 15 other ranks.
TUNSTALL, Capt. the Rev. James Thomas ... Royal Army Chaplain's Dept. (1 /Lincoln)
1. Near YPRES, 4/5 October, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in dressing the woun 'ed, succouring the dying, and burying the dead under fire. On two occasions when the aid post in which he was working was blown in he succeeded in extricating all the wounded, although under heavy fire.
BAR TO M.C.
2. OVULERS, 23/24 October, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty tending and evacuating wounded during the attacks. He followed close behind the leading troops throughout the attack, and by collecting and locating wounded under heavy shell fire, and by bringing ambulances forward, was personally responsible for the evacuation of large numbers of casualties.
TURNBULL, Capt. Maxwell ... ... ... ... ... ... 3/Border
Awarded 3rd June, 1918.
TURNER, 2/Lt. Alfred Hartin ... ... ... 9(8) E. Surrey (55th T.M.B.)
ALBERT, 22nd August, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and good leadership during the attack when in charge of a section of light trench mortars. He kept his guns in action for an hour at zero under heavy shelling, and then took them forward, bringing them to bear on an enemy machine-gun post, which he destroyed. Later he again moved them up and assisted the front line troops, his initiative being of great assistance.
TURNER, Lieut. Harold Keynes ... ... ... ... 2/Shropshire L.I.
Awarded 1st January, 1916.